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Wheat research in HAAFS

There are 12 research institutes specialising in different areas of agriculture research in HAAFS. Three institutes are directly involved in wheat research namely Institute of dryland Farming, Institute of Food and Oil Crops and Institute of Genetics and Physiology.

6th, May, 2012, Shijiazhuang, China

Wheat research in HAAFS

Haibo Wang

Deputy President of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences

Abstract

There are 12 research institutes specialising in different areas of agriculture research in HAAFS. Three institutes are directly involved in wheat research namely Institute of dryland Farming, Institute of Food and Oil Crops and Institute of Genetics and Physiology. Their major research on wheat includes breeding, cultivation, germplasm enhancement and development of new breeding techniques. The Institute of Agri-informatics and Economics is also partly involved in wheat agronomic research.

HAAFS has so far released more than 50 wheat cultivars and many of them have been used in the major wheat growing areas in China. The most well known traditional cultivars include Shijiazhuang 54 and Jimai 30 and during the past ten years more than 20 wheat cultivars have been released by HAAFS and the most important ones include Hengguan 35, Heng 4399, Ji 5265, Jimai 585 and Jinhe 9123.

The success of wheat breeding is attributed to the wide range of germplasm assembled. During the years, more than 3800 different original germplasm were collected. Many relatives of wheat were introduced which include T. spelta, A. cylindrical, S. cereal, T. dicoccom, T. monococcum, T. durum and Triticale. Pre-breeding work has produced more than 50 elite lines with specific characteristics of short stature, heavy TKW, multi-floret on the spike, drought tolerance, disease resistance and efficient photosynthetic rate.

A number of new breeding technologies have been developed to increase breeding efficiency. The most attractive technique is “forced rapid development of winter wheat to achieve five generations per year” which can modify a variety specifically and efficiently in traditional way. Another recent innovation is the invention of a “magic genetic transformation brush” which made the GMO creation an easy and enjoyable experience as well as achieving a high genetic transformation rate in wheat. Other innovations include a series of efficient DH production techniques and novel in vitro culture media for anther culture and cell culture of wheat.

On behalf of HAAFS, I would like to thank our long term collaborators include but not limited to Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS, Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Handan Academy of Agriculture Science and Agricultural University of Hebei. I am confident that our continued close national and international collaboration will generate more science and new technology for wheat.

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